Home Christians Pakistan Lived Up To Its Public Commitment but India Averted – Modern Diplomacy

Pakistan Lived Up To Its Public Commitment but India Averted – Modern Diplomacy

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India and
Pakistan have now entered into a direct military action after the Pulwama
attack. However, Indian military actions are limited to target Pakistan-based
terror camps instead targeting Pakistan army establishments or civilians, which
in case, is opposite with Pakistan.

The Pulwama
attack, which is responsible for killing 40 Indian paramilitary forces, is the
seed of turmoil between the two countries, as Jaish-e Mohammed, a
Pakistan-based terrorist organisation who claimed full responsibility of the
suicide terror attack. The same organisation had been responsible for the 2001
Indian Parliament Attack along with Lashkar E- Taiba, another
organisation operating from the Pakistan soil. A massive unrest after the
Pulwama attack prevailed within the Indian people, who were filled with anger
and anguish, waiting for the Indian Government to take action against such a
cowardly attack.

On 26th
February 2019, the Indian Air Force carried out an operation across the LoC at
Balakot, dropping 1000kg of explosives targeting the terror camps of Jaish-e
Mohammad
and avenging the souls of the killed Indian troops.

Following
the attack made by the Indian Air Force, the Indian Ministry of External
Affairs released a statement appreciating the action and mentioned about the
true intentions of the IAF. The statement included highly classified information which talked about more plans that
the Jaish-e Mohammad were planning to conduct. India struck the biggest
training camp in Balakot, where fidayeen jihadis were being
trained for more suicide terror attacks on the Indian soil. After the 2001
Indian Parliament attack, the UN had ‘proscribed’ JeM and urged Pakistan to
work immediately for the eradication of any terror-based activities on its
soil.

Although no
casualty numbers disclosed by Indian officials, Pakistan on its part condemned
India’s action as rightly indicated by the words of Major General Asif Ghafoor,
Pakistan Armed Forces
. In a press release of the Inter-Services Public
Relations, the media wing of the Pakistan Armed Forces, Ghafoor mentioned “India
wanted our attention and now they have it. Pakistan will surprise and it will
come differently
”. Pakistan Armed Forces have blamed the IAF for targeting
‘civilian loaded’ areas, but Vijay Gokhale, Indian Foreign Secretary
confirmed that large training facilities of the JeM had been targeted and were
successfully removed. The Indian Government sees the action carried out by
Indian Air Force as pre-emptive and a necessary step in curbing terrorism, as a
step to eradicate the possible threat it poses to not only to India but the
entire world order.

However,
interpretations on part of Pakistan somewhere went wrong, as they saw India’s
action to be a threat for their own civilians and carried out an airstrike on
27th February,2019, targeting Indian military establishments. One of
the aircrafts fell on the Indian side of Kashmir and the other on Pakistan,
during a retaliatory move by Indian Air Force, whereby the ground troops
captured the pilot.

The
official twitter page of the Pakistani Government later released a video of the captured Wing Commander,
Abhinandan Vartham.
Major General Asif Ghafoor spoke in a press release
that Pakistan doesn’t wish to involve any civilians, and that this airstrike
was not a retaliation but an act of self-defence. Indian intelligence officials
also mentioned of three Pakistani jets entering the Indian airspace, however
they were forced back. Flights connecting Middle East and Pakistan are
cancelled with a similar line of action in India, where major airports in the
cities Leh, Srinagar, Chandigarh and Amritsar were shut down, which now
has been resumed.

The massive
uproar between the two neighbouring countries have attracted global attention. Last week the FATF had urged
Pakistan to remove and wipe out all elements engaged with terrorism. The US
Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo
made a press release from Hanoi urging the
two countries not to escalate further military action and reminding Pakistan
again for its immediate action on the agenda. Indian Foreign Minsiter Sushma
Swaraj
currently attending the Russia-India-China Meet in Wuzhen, China brought
up the Phulwama issue and a decision for the proper implantation of the
United Nation’s Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism to be
taken. India has been receiving foreign support post Phulwama attack,
starting of with Iran who sympathised along the same line, as it was also
targeted by another Pakistan based terror organisation killing Iranian
paramilitary forces. After FATF’s continued decision of ‘grey listing’
Pakistan, the country had promised to wipe out all elements of terrorism on its
soil, asking for an extended time till October2019. The United States, China,
New Zealand and Russia have earlier requested the countries for no retaliation
involving direct military action, but design a course plan involving dialogue.

The
airstrike carried by the Indian Air Force was to wage a war against terrorist
organizations operating in Pakistan and not the country itself. Tensions have
elevated to a level, which was evident at the times of the Indio-Pakistani war
of 1971. The Indian Ministry of External Affairs in their official press
statement reminded Pakistan about its 2004 commitment to act against terrorism,
but having failed miserably India has taken the steps necessary for it.
Moreover, with the new government under the Prime Ministership of Imran Khan,
the country must take up necessary course of action, as even global actors are
now urging the country to take at least a few steps. The tale of Pakistan and
terrorism has a long history, as issues of terror financing and religious
propaganda prevail till date. Money laundering is also one of the pivotal
issues that the country has to look into. Last year, Pakistan had requested for
IMF bailout, as the economy is almost on the verge of a bankruptcy. If investments were to come in and
trade were to prosper, so that the lives of the Pakistani people can improve,
without taking a strong and effective take on terrorism the country will not
only fail to flourish regionally but also globally. The Pakistani stock market
has already been affected after the airstrike was conducted by both the
countries. The stock market went down by 3.6 percent.

At a time
when countries join hands in dealing with state issues, Pakistan somewhere must
understand that India is not the enemy that has to be dealt with, but the
terror organisations operating on its soil for a long time. Strengthening
relations with border countries, including India will stabilize the South East
Asian region opening new ventures for investment and trade. The war is against
terrorism and not a particular country, therefore at a time of crisis as right
now, such misconceptions be avoided and both the countries much plan out their
course to take a mutual action on it.

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