In the detailed chapter on India, the index tells us why it is they think our future is more likely to be shared with these nations rather than with the prosperous and democratic western countries that we want to be with.
It says because of this government’s “poorly thought out and implemented reforms, India’s economic growth has slowed, declining to its lowest nominal level since 1978. Modi’s response – an embrace of protectionism, higher government investment, bank lending targets, and direct export assistance – have been unable to reverse this trend.”
On the side of security, it records the problems India has had with its own citizens starting from the National Register of Citizens (about which we still have no certainty on whether it is going to be implemented nationwide), the turmoil in Kashmir and the attack on free speech.
A failed state is one where the government is not in control. This is a simplistic explanation. In control of what? In control of rule of law, the economy, security, stability and development. India’s history as a formal democracy and its generally benign image around the world has hidden our fragility elsewhere.